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Guide Birth Control in China 1949-2000: Population Policy and Demographic Development (Chinese Worlds)

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New Releases. Description This comprehensive volume analyzes Chinese birth policies and population developments from the founding of the People's Republic to the census. The main emphasis is on China's 'Hardship Number One Under Heaven': the highly controversial one-child campaign, and the violent clash between family strategies and government policies it entails.

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Birth Control in China documents an agonizing search for a way out of predicament and a protracted inner Party struggle, a massive effort for social engineering and grinding problems of implementation. It reveals how birth control in China is shaped by political, economic and social interests, bureaucratic structures and financial concerns.

Based on own interviews and a wealth of new statistics, surveys and documents, Thomas Scharping also analyzes how the demographics of China have changed due to birth control policies, and what the future is likely to hold. This book will be of interest to students and scholars of modern China, Asian studies and the social sciences.

Product details Format Paperback pages Dimensions x x Other books in this series. Birth Control in China Thomas Scharping.

Add to basket. Chinese Business in Malaysia Terence Gomez. Consumers and Individuals in China Michael B. Chinatown, Europe Flemming Christiansen. Table of contents Introduction 1. Levels of Understanding 2. Moral and Cultural Dimensions 3. Information and Sources: Policy Formulation 4. Motives and Goals of Chinese Birth Control 5. Legal Norms and Practice in Flux 7. Problems of Organization 8.

Planning and Evaluation: Popular Response 9. Female Marriage Trends Fertility Levels Review quote 'This is a fascinating book, rich with information and insights I recommend it not only to demographers interested in China but also to anyone insterested in the details of the formulation and enforcement of government policies. China is also making strides in getting citizens to understand and accept its family planning policies.

Population Policy in China

To this end some politicians and scholars have made great contributions. For example, in Ma Yinchu, a renowned economist, became a pioneer advocate of family planning when he presented to the National People's Congress his new population theory, in which he recommended controlling population size so as not to impede economic development. Yet Ma was ahead of his time, for he was soon criticized as a representative figure of erroneous idea. He was not able to publish his New Population Theory until In the early s Premier Zhou Enlai also overcame diverse difficulties to promote stable family planning.

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Since many academic societies for research on population and family planning policy have been established. In the China Population Society was founded. Institutes for research on the population were in turn set up at Beijing University , Renmin University of China, and Xiamen University. These efforts of the government and research institutes have led to many publications.


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In the late s several important academic publications appeared, including the Encyclopedia of Chinese Family Planning Peng Peiyun Subsequently, scholars made efforts to relate China's population policy to issues of sustainable development Qin, Zhang, and Niu , and a number of authors reflected on the importance of limiting the population not just for social development but also for preserving the quality of the environment Li Shuhua , Peng Keshan , Zhou Yi As a result of this research, the significance of family planning policy in the development of science, technology, economics, and society was now generally well recognized and accepted by the early s.

The implementation of a family planning policy has effectively controlled the rapid expansion of the population in the PRC, improved the quality of life and health, and made possible the greater development of science, technology, and society. Chinese population policy has been very controversial outside of China. The most common criticism is that the policy deprives people of their right to bear children and to decide for themselves how many children they will have.

Another criticism is that because of a traditional desire for male children, the one-child policy encourages parents to abort or abandon female offspring.

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Within the historical and social context of China, however, the implementation of the "one couple, one child" policy during the s represented a major shift from the much more coercive practices of the Cultural Revolution — Moreover, under some circumstances, Chinese policymakers argue, concerns for the common good should outweigh individual freedoms. Finally, as Margaret Pabst Battin has argued, although the Chinese policy may be "the most coercive population-limitation policy in any country, it is also the most fair" p.

Unlike the population-limitation policies of India, for instance, the Chinese policy applies equally to all groups. Banister, Judith. China's Changing Population. Battin, Margaret Pabst. Stephen G. New York : Macmillan Reference. Conly, Shanti R. Li Shuhua.

Nankai xuebao Zhexue shehuikexue ban 2: 97— Peng Keshan. Kexue xue yu kexue jishu guanli 10— Peng Peiyun. Zhongguo jihua shengyu quanshu [Encyclopedia of Chinese family planning]. Beijing: Zhongguo renkou chubanshe. Peng Xizhe and Zhigang Guo, eds. The Changing Population of China. Oxford: Blackwell. People's Republic of China. State Council. Beijing: China Environmental Science Press.

One-child policy

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Pillai and Lyle W. Oxford: Berg.